Friday 22 September 2017

LAND OWNERSHIP VITALITY OR IMPEDIMENT?

What’s missing from the partial equation given to solutions for a village, town and city building is the central role in the exchange system played out with land ownership.

Land though is not solely without other factors of production. The land is the Earth itself with promises of rare mineral and vital soil resources.

The immutability of the Creator has established marvelous motion in all micro and macro elements in Nature flows of things. The interfaces of exchange provide an abundance of Earths needs for survival. It is unchanging in character, is deliberate and promises to heed eternal covenants.

The future expectations for people who share land occupancy with indigenous wildlife also require clean air, water, food/fiber, energy, communications, mobility, structures, waste, justice/security and safety framed in an ecological/habitat harmony to derive seasonal sustenance.

The national resources are freely and abundantly given to all citizens, “economically speaking.” Residents tend and develop their unique resources for food to the best of their abilities. With adequate corridors for movement and safe shelter, the community promise is to guard their physical world. This daily function of citizen self-awareness toward cleanliness places trust in decision-makers for their next descendants.

Land, historically, is the classical political economy’s first factor of production as in land, labor, and capital.

Land ownership between private holdings and public corridors for freedom of movement is the continuous flow of mobility for cities. A warped misunderstanding and application for future transportation value are spuriously judged.

There are two concepts;
First, is Land Value Taxation (LVT). The value of the land is assessed and taxed. A similarity to property taxes, where the value of the land is evaluated and taxed as well as everything built on and in it. (Insurance Industry) Proponents claim there is a better way to accomplish this taxation.

Second, Split-Rate taxation (SRT) is an excellent example of “think globally, act locally.” Decreasing the tax on buildings gives property owners the incentive to build and to maintain and improve their properties. As the levy on land values increases, land speculation, and poor land utilization, an example being slum buildings and boarded up buildings, are discouraged. The signal thus sent to property holders is to either improve their properties or sell them to someone who can do so.

A precise definition of Natural resource extraction value, used for existing infrastructure carrying traffic compared to Kcal/km per person alongside Kcal/km freight per palette costs to benefits is a necessary metric above that of present status quo.

Also, taxes, tolls, bonds, air, water, on the ground, underground tunneling, and levy utility values also warrant comparison under “Eminent Domain.”

All utility service empowerments must together determine a public purpose definition. Acceptance of land ownership in common is subject to “taking” only for future transportation development corridors as the prime factor alone. Then demonstrated under a particular period for a proposed future transportation system with generous compensation payouts.

Further, a declaration of who owns, leases or rents conveyances is burdened to operate and maintain them for the proposed future transportation infrastructure. Citizens are slaves to “taken” lands. These extractions must be legally defined and declared.

Monetary exchange returns on productive capital investment for existing patterns of transportation and real estate development are invariably siphoned off to the owners of land and natural resources. These value considerations increase over time in their accumulation of economic rent. Rather than these random impacts incrementally affecting everybody from urban developers activities a percentage of their profit should be returnable to the users of corridors serving spaces. It is the citizens of the future to maintain and operate the transportation system and all constructed shelter for many purposes.

Henry George’s ‘radical’ response to this upside down set of economic circumstance was to advocate an elegant shift off of the burden of taxation. A reduction of such profits should come from returns on labor and capital. These tax burdens placed rather onto the economic value of land & natural resources. This famous, “single tax”; in contemporary parlance is land value taxation (LVT).

Fees derived from property values for many other things are misleading alterations. If a proposed future transportation system is acceptable to Corporate, Academic, and Politbureau (C.A.P.), land prices should go down, allowing rents to fall and more people to own land and 3D spatial volumes. Significant numbers of the previously disenfranchised citizens regain access into the mainstream of economic, social, and political life.

Once the transportation corridor areas are recognized as distinct from capital and treated as such, capitalism morphs into the free enterprise as an extension of business.

The mistake was made back in the USA when Congress passed the Mining Act of 1872. The legislation made it possible for anyone to stake a claim to any mineral riches extracted – and keep the profits. Useful and rare metals are different discovered resources. Claiming ownership of land surface or air rights for purchase and control are also man made concepts.

As for a possible solution should labor have three hats?
• First, the right to market, own and sell.
• Second, the capability of producing perishables and artifacts is a product of work.
• Third, the act of securing a line of credit exchange for the establishment of worker-owned cooperatives is practical.
That way labor has no issue with either ownership or management.

There are a few examples that have endured well in their particular cultures and geographies. One example follows;

The Mondragon Corporation began in the Basque region of Spain in 1956 as a small worker cooperative corporation. It has proven remarkably durable throughout many economic upheavals and has grown to a multinational scope with over 74,000 owner/employees, 2013 revenue of $16 billion and wide diversity in products and services. It has a unique business model and culture in which the distinction between workers, managers and owners is blurred by the democratic participation of all personnel in guidance and decisions including payroll. That formula tends to build upon the natural bonding of its membership dynamic to produce an ethical balance of mutual contribution, reward, satisfaction, and security. Sounds like a dream but it’s been growing for 60 years.

The basic concept of recapturing community-created land values for private and public purposes has been around at least since the old testament enjoined one to hold regular, land recycling of Jubilees every fifty years.

Joseph Stieglitz is an ardent advocate; for reforms of property taxation off of buildings onto land values. These conditions are underway, with varying degrees of ebb & flow, in parts of the USA, Denmark, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, South Korea, and elsewhere.

The status quo capitalists who control the land, investment desires, financial capabilities and means of production for private and public structures despise those who would benefit from an egalitarian distribution of their capital. Capitalists will declare their wealth was “earned” and will not relinquish possession without a revolution to force their hand.

Vision comes before job creation. Education and labor follow. One shouldn’t create jobs only to produce material extraction, manufacturing, and marketing for things to sell; one should rather create jobs as well to improve national socio/cultural infrastructure.

So can one develop the next generation transportation technologies that service wealthy and poorer less-developed regions on a national continent?

One should be building solar and wind farms for energy production and developing autonomous technologies in concert that will benefit the entire country, not just a handful of the wealthy elite but as a global standard for future operational advantages.

Surely building infrastructure would keep sovereign nations busy for many years but the concept for a new proposed highly individual transportation system commands the long-term ideology of city building attention to propriety.

One’s instinct knows the current regime isn’t working, but few suggest a real solution. The solutions one reads about will not function without much testing:
1. Raise taxes on the wealthy;
2. Universal Basic Income;
3. Citizens should receive deductions for interest paid;
4. Remove government and regulations;
5. Lynch the bankers;
6. Remove landowners and the owner class.

What then is the solution? One needs citizens interacting with corporate, academic and government representatives in decision-making. Informational flows with digital technology for city building comes first based on public issues as a platform to discuss and push forward new ideas for their implementation. This mutual decision-making can only evolve with practical common sense via face-to-face meetings for positive urban changes.

City development requires real solutions for a village, town, and urban development. The Geoscope will provide apprenticeship education for lifelong learning of head and hand skills in deference to the only academic importance given to university graduate degrees. Advanced R&D is required to complement incoming digital technologies as plan A. Plan B must maintain and heighten ancient skills and crafts. A dual priority should be determined when considering any disruption of power for digital processes to function.

The key is a different organizational combination of Citizens, Corporate, Academic and Politbureau (C.C.A.P.) in collaboration for unceasing face-to-face decision-making. Conducting timely conversations that are sought to be just and right for important policy considerations is appropriate. These decisions create reasonable and measured applications for a request into reality. Aspects are eminently achievable then for a future transportation network. Any person will be capable of meeting nationwide within an hour and a bit on such a proposed transportation system between all the proposed 100 “Smart Cities” locations.

The shift from information-extraction mode to vested exploratory mode drives acceptable urban changes. New choices made in the newly formed decision-making community for action guarantees a better arrangement instead of regulations and laws promulgated from the C.A.P.

The present separation of National, Regional, and City elected and appointed public civil servants are geographically and institutionally distant from one another. Many misunderstood positions on particular city building concerns are therefore left unresolved.

The results anticipated when the Geoscope digital information interface, when brought together for collective decision-making, is essential. More frequent collaborative gatherings should enhance all citizens and chosen civil servants to substantiate agreements toward setting an example of the community desire to be self-sufficient, grow their food, live in and serve peacefully, to carefully operate and maintain smaller village communities.

Diversely planted lands for agriculture and forestry purposes is measured for each of the proposed 100 “Smart Cities” forecasted population in calculated area proportions. Farming must be seeded, harvested and processed sustainably, with minimal reliance on chemical fertilizers and pesticides. Integration of land-uses that calculate measurements derived from expected population densities for the required urban footprint remains proportionate with agricultural and forestry metrics.

Reducing essential qualitative principles of the input/output needs for each of the 100 “Smart Cities” first to rely only on their self-sufficiency capabilities is the primary directive. If when an individual city grows and cannot reach self-sufficiency or suffers from an emergency, the distributed 100 “Smart Cities” locations set in their particular ecological geographies can serve needs within a short time frame. The transportation performance capability connects the dots of the newly proposed transportation network to each city center. Continuous speedy distribution of people and goods outgoing and incoming affords deliverance. Fair trade between each of the 100 “Smart Cities” then establishes each as linked sustainable network of individual and viable economic generating States.

India’s 100 “Smart Cities” guesswork, math, myths, statistics, models, simulation and scenario headlines will never know what ultimately each of the 100 “Smart Cities” will develop into or when what, why or how each city will answer its inhabitant’s future needs

However, preparedness to evolve India’s proposed 100 “Smart Cities” into stable intermediate future demands a fresh approach to entering the digital 2017 future, is paramount. The numerous tasks to be confronted should display confidence, courage and risk exhibiting internal strength to cast and claim the best intelligence and skills from the annual growing 1.3 billion people on the continent.

Where India has come from and how it got there represents the present. The goals and purpose to establish a 100 city-state growth and change process for peaceful and prosperous cities in which to live should demand and set an example of sustainability, durability, and resilience.

India will be the first to acknowledge the genesis of Nature’s organisms as algorithms, where data-ism becomes the paradigm.

India’s communications between citizens living within one of the 100 “Smart Cities” is a future of “imaginary orders.” Borders of many kinds are different for each village, town and city developed. Citizens enable large-scale cooperation between the various individual human beings, their cultures, languages, and festivals that create all religious beliefs, and mutual exchanges.

India’s tremendous ability to give meaning to its actions and thoughts is what will enable it to carry out its many “Smart City” challenges.

India’s worship of Nature and Humankind can now place its desires as a top priority in its nationhood while basing itself as the dominant being of care for life.

India faces the digital threat of evaluating which new technology should be accepted tomorrow. Vetted wise choices assessed with the up-to-date information for the short and long-term help to anticipate the consequences of decision-making. Village, town, and city implementation to continue unchecked must now contain a continuation of the ability of humanism to give meaning to citizen’s future national life under new conditions.

India has a wise and intelligent population. Assuming an advance in 100, “Smart Cities” building will lead the world in showing an equitable way of land ownership to implement the continuance of urban planning and design.

Graham Kaye-Eddie
m.u.d. 1/6/17 2,323 words

References;
1.0 A Philosophy of Indian Economics by J.C. Kumarappa (Sarva-Seva Publication Raighut Kashi 4th Edition 1958.
2.0 Prospect for Coal by E.F. Schumacher April 1961, The Economic Journal. March 1964.
3.0 Technologies Appropriate for Total Development Plan by D.R. Gadgil Hyderabad, India 1964.

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